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Way Back Wednesday: Turbo - Origins of Sparta Kook

By GhostWriter   Wednesday, August 24, 2016   14,215   1,144   0



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This is Way Back Wednesday where we feature a blast from the past.

His name isn't one often associated with dance music, but before he became the suave Running Man sensation he is today, Kim Jong Kook was once the main vocalist of an energetic and edgy male duo dance group that the industry firmly acknowledged as one of the best. Debuting with their album appropriately titled '280 km/h speed', Turbo accelerated to fame in the late 90's until they lost momentum at the turn of the new millennium. Turbo was clearly not an idol group. There were no filler members in the group, no sub vocalists, and not even a member to be in charge of the 'visuals' for the team. 

The formula for success for Turbo was so simple, yet ingenious. Pair an extremely talented singer with an experienced choreographer to rap alongside him, in order to keep up with the then-current music trends. Kim Jong Kook, a former vocalist for his high school chorus fit the part of the main singer while Kim Jung Nam, a skilled DJ who not only rapped but who was also a choreographer would make up the other half of the group. The two formed Turbo in 1995, and 18-year-old Kim Jong Kook and 24-year-old Kim Jung Nam debuted on Sept 1 with their title song, "My Childhood Dream." Kim Jong Kook's impressive ability to sing high notes as a male vocal and Kim Jung Nam's edgy beats paired with his extreme break dance moves helped the boys stand out. Their only competition was 'Deux', the other wildly popular two member male dance group. However, Deux member Kim Sung Jae suddenly passed away in November of 1995, and Deux was forced to disband. As tragic and devastating as the news was, Turbo was now free to dominate Korea's dance music scene. 

Fans reacted so positively to their debut that they promoted their first album for an entire seven months straight with follow-up tracks like "Black Cat," and "Decision." Turbo were the envy of all rookie singers as they swiftly climbed to the top of music charts with each song. The boys ended their first album promotions in April of 1996 and returned with a second album just four quick months later. Though the album seemed to be put together in haste, their second album titled 'New Sensation' outdid their first, and with classics like "Twist King," "Love Is," and "A Jazz Bar," their album sold a profound number of 800,000 copies in the first two months alone.

Changes to the Group

But too much of a good thing proved to be destructive for the group. Their overly ambitious agency scheduled more shows, events, and programs than the boys could physically handle, and the exhausted duo not only rebelled but decided to go into seclusion altogether. The boys were MIA for a scheduled music program performance in late November 1996, and their whereabouts could not be traced. They hid so well that the police even began to investigate their whereabouts and because they were reported missing, all promotions for their second album were forced to come to a close just three months after the release. 

The shocked and bewildered fans demanded they see Turbo make a comeback, and while Kim Jong Kook eventually resurfaced, member Kim Jung Nam could not reach a compromise with their agency and left the group entirely. However, instead of disbanding Turbo completely, Star Music decided to find a replacement to rap alongside Kim Jong Kook. Auditions were held to find the next rapper to fill the shoes of Kim Jung Nam, but the bar was set high. 3,500 hopefuls tried out for the spot but there was one who stood out amongst the rest. His name was Mikey Jo, a 17-year-old hailing from Orange County that dreamt of becoming a pop star ever since watching Seo Taiji & Boys perform on television. The Californian was different from the rugged, Korean bad-boy Kim Jung Nam. He had a sweeter, boy-next-door image that would charm the younger fangirls. His unique rap-style would bring in a refreshing change to the group, and his ability to speak English only worked to his advantage. He earned the spot as Turbo's new rapper.

Born Again

And just like that, Turbo was back. They released their third album 'Born Again...' in 1997 and performed hit after hit. Although nay-sayers criticized that Turbo's music sounded 'incomplete' and that it had 'lost its edge' compared to the first two releases, luckily for them fans responded positively to the member change, and to the more 'pop' sounding music Turbo was producing. "December", "Forbidden Games", and "Goodbye Yesterday" once again climbed the charts, proving that Turbo had made a strong comeback. 

Turbo with Will Smith.

Their success carried on to their next album, as the boys earned themselves the opportunity to work with top star Will Smith (Just the Two of Us Korea Version), and they attempted new genres of music like Latin, and Techno. "I got a Girlfriend" was a fun new track that was different from their typical style of music, and the song was well received. They followed up with 'X', a track with a musical style that fans were more accustomed to, and the boys proved they were still the kings of dance music.

Some bumps in the road

But just as things were looking good, Turbo caused more trouble for themselves. In 1998, artists from Japan, China, and Korea came together to perform at the Asia Superconcert, and the highly publicized event was streamed live in numerous countries. The biggest names in Hallyu were there to represent Korea, as was Turbo. But Kim Jong Kook was reportedly bitter towards his agency prior to the event and his attitude could not be masked. During Turbo's performance, Kim Jong Kook did not pull off his part of the songs and left the stage without taking a bow towards the audience. This was considered unheard of and disrespectful, and Korea had been shamed because of his behavior. Criticized by the nation, Turbo was banned from performing in Korea. When the ban was eventually lifted, Turbo showed Korea what they missed by making a strong comeback with their fifth album, 'E-mail My Heart' in January of 2000. 

Following the internet trend of instant messaging, their title song "Cyber Lover" sang about a relationship that developed behind a computer screen. The song was soon banned, however, as the dialogue between the two instant-messengers in the MV was considered inappropriate. The MV for their follow-up track "Tonight" was also banned for featuring gang activity and violence of south side Los Angeles. 

This MV banned for featuring gang activity and violence of south side Los Angeles. 

Despite these minor details, they promoted their album until May of the same year. After that, Turbo went on a year-long hiatus until April of 2001. It was then that Star Music issued an official statement announcing Turbo's disbandment. Kim Jong Kook was leaving the label altogether to begin a solo career with I Star Media who had made the singer a better offer, and the Star Music publicly supported Kim Jong Kook's decision. They hoped that although Kim Jong Kook was leaving and Turbo would no longer be a team, the music would forever remain in their hearts of their fans. After one final press conference with all three former Turbo members, Kim Jung Nam, Kim Jong Kook and Mikey released a 'History' album, consisting of their biggest hits during their career.

Turbo 'Again'

After 15 years, Turbo finally reunited and made their comeback in December of 2015 with "Again." Instead of a special duo configuration, all three members in Turbo's history got together. The song was highly successful and even won #1 on music programs.

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BlingerJ95 Thursday, April 6, 2017

I find it funny that turbo debuted on my birthday. And if it was an evening show then I probably was born around the time the show hit the air considering I was born around noon (and then adding a 7 hour time difference). Makes me feel like I was always meant to listen to kpop.

K76 Wednesday, September 14, 2016

yeah kookie!!

ororo Thursday, August 25, 2016

After reading this, and after watching a Running Man 2 episodes ago, my respect for Kookie just went up a thousandfold. #DeuxForever

dawkins (Banned) Thursday, August 25, 2016

Wtf does 'sparta' kook even mean. Sparta was a city-state in ancient Greece.

methodman88  dawkins (Banned) Thursday, August 25, 2016

I think it's supposed to refer to KJK as a 'Spartan' warrior, what with his muscle toned physique and whatnot. And they always use the quote 'this is sparta' from the 300 movie. So based on that understanding 'Sparta Kook'. When said by an English Speaker, it sounds stupid, but in Korean I guess they think it sounds manly or something

Cherry_Peche  dawkins (Banned) Thursday, August 25, 2016

It's a nickname from a variety show called Running Man. His character is supposed to be the strong type, so many times when he comes out they use the quote "This is Sparta" from 300. Now that I think about, I don't remember the members even calling KJK "sparta" much if ever, so I think it's more of a fan name, sorta of like ByungTae for Taeyeon. On the show, it's really mostly just the "SPARTA!" sound effect that it refers to, no one on the show really calls him that. Plus, most fans just say Sparta, akp is a little weird calling him Sparta Kook even though sooome people call him that.

Cherry_Peche Thursday, August 25, 2016

Ah, Sparta Kook also comes out in the little captions/labels too on Running Man.

Jagd  dawkins (Banned) Friday, September 9, 2016

Parody of sparta'cus'.

helenltunstall (Banned) Thursday, August 25, 2016

This comment has been removed due to violation of our TOS. (Reason: spammer)

zuzuwiwa (Banned) Thursday, August 25, 2016

This comment has been removed due to violation of our TOS. (Reason: spammer)

hana_sakura Wednesday, August 24, 2016

I know Jong Kook is part of Turbo from RM, and I know some of their songs from RM as well, but I really, really love again. I even made it my ringtone xD I also learnt more about the group through Happy Together, so... yeah they're back after 15 years, and they're more mature now, so I hope they'll last for a long time.

Manami_chan Wednesday, August 24, 2016

I love all Turbo's members but KJK is truely amazing.. a success story!!

Keepinitkreal Wednesday, August 24, 2016

I really wish I could go to their Vegas show!!

kpoplover308 Wednesday, August 24, 2016

Still waiting on that YG Perry Way Back Wednesday

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